• Policies

    Government of Canada legislates climate accountability with first net-zero emissions lawto avert the worst impacts of climate changefully seize the economic opportunities that it presents

    Canada passed the "Canadian Net-Zero Emissions Accountability Act" at the end of June. The specific content includes
    (1) national targets for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in Canada with the objective of attaining net-zero emissions by 2050, (2) set the 2030 greenhouse gas emissions target as being Canada’s Nationally Determined Contribution under the Paris Agreement, (3) set the subsequent 2035, 2040 and 2045 targets at least 10 years in advance.  The Act also provides accountability and transparency by: (1) goals and progress reports are required to be tabled in both Houses of Parliament and made available to the public, (2) providing for public participation for amendments, (3) the Net-Zero Advisory Body as a Governor in Council-appointed body is established to provide independent advice, (4) the Minister of Finance shall explain key measures that the federal public administration has taken to manage its financial risks and opportunities related to climate change, (5) requiring the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development to, at least once every five years, examine and report on the Government of Canada’s implementation of measures aimed at mitigating climate change, (6)providing for a comprehensive review of the Act, five years after it comes into force (7) enshrining the role of Indigenous Knowledge in the climate accountability process. The 2030 emission reduction plan and progress reports will be released in the coming months.

    Reference:https://reurl.cc/zW8gxN
  • Policies

    Policies for the Cultivation of AI Talents in the Digital Erain UK

    In order to respond to the challenges of the labor market and skills in the AI era, the UK proposes the policy direction and content of AI talent cultivation, including (1) improving the skills of AI Education Talents: setting up a skills training plan for computer science teachers and a national calculus science and technology education center to promote calculus education (2) cultivating high-level doctoral and master talents: increasing master's and doctoral places, providing AI master's courses Online master of continuing education courses and advanced open online courses with credits (3) leveraging international talents: promote international academic award programs, double the number of outstanding talent visas, and provide global talent visa applications to attract and retain stem talents all over the world (4) cultivating practical industrial talents: promote national retraining programs to re-cultivate the skills of all citizens; With the goal of building a country proficient in digital technology, provide free e-learning courses including apprenticeship, digital boot camping, digital authorization, help-to-grow plan, free no degree courses (5) establishinginternational research centers to promote international cooperation and deal with common issues about digital ethics and security

    Read the full article : PDF
    Reference : Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Data reference : 英國政府網站

  • Policies

    ICT-Pact: Joining forces towards circularfair ICT

    On June 14, 2021, the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Norway, the United Kingdom, Austria, and Switzerland have signed the pact, as well as the Circular Innovation Council in Canada. The Dutch Minister for the Environment, Stientje van Veldhoven has initiated the pact. The aim of the pact is to create a network of procurers all contributing to a large, collective demand for circular and fair laptops and smartphones. This in turn helps ICT producers change their business and accelerates innovations. Together the pact accelerates the process to a sustainable market. Both procuring organizations and government can join the pact. Procurers who join commit to buying circular and fair where possible, harmonizing their demand and sharing their experiences. Both public and private procuring organizations are welcome. The Pact is a procurement-driven partnership that can be signed by both public and private procuring organizations. Their demand forms the backbone of the Pact. To empower them, the Pact will provide ambitious guidelines, examples and common, easy-to-use baseline criteria that will improve over time. These will build where possible on the valuable work already done in participating countries, on EU Green Public Procurement, on ICT ecolabels, and in fair procurement initiatives. The pact further boosts the effectiveness of the buyer groups by supporting knowledge sharing between them and connecting them in an international network. On an international level, the pact will support a constructive high-level dialogue between procurers and the ICT market.

    Reference : The Circular & Fair ICT Pact (CFIT)
  • Policies

    Roadmap for Carbon Recycling Technologies Revised aims to accelerate innovation by expandingdisseminating Carbon Recycling by METI, Japan

    The Roadmap for Carbon Recycling Technologies was formulated by Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan (METI)in June 2019 for the purpose of specifying goals, technological challenges, and timeframes (what directions to aim for in each phase) regarding these technologies and accelerating innovation by having these goals, etc. shared widely.December 2020 saw both the formulation of the“Green Growth Strategy through Achieving Carbon Neutrality in 2050”and the establishment of the Green Innovation Fund. Against this background, Carbon Recycling is now viewed as a key technology for achieving carbon neutrality.
    The roadmap has been revised to reflect these developments and further accelerate efforts toward Carbon Recycling.
    Key points in the revisionas follows.
    1.Adding new technological areas (DAC, synthetic fuels) where progress has been made.
    In light of the progressive, accelerating trend of development being seen, new information has been added to the roadmap regarding DAC (Direct Air Capture; a technology whereby CO2 is captured directly from the atmosphere) and synthetic fuels (carbon-free decarbonized fuels produced by the synthesis of CO2 and hydrogen).
    2.Bringing forward the beginning of widespread adoption of (general purpose) Carbon Recycling products to around 2040
    In the original version, the following timeframes had been set regarding the widespread adoption of products: (1)around 2030 for early widespread adoption (products that do not require hydrogen and products that have high added value)(2) around 2050 for widespread adoption in the medium to long term (general purpose products).In the revised version(2) above has been brought forward to around 2040 in light of the progressive, accelerating trend of development. With regard to (1) above, efforts will continue to aim for achievement by around 2030.
    3.Adding efforts regarding international cooperation
    In light of the progress being seen in terms of international cooperation, details about the efforts concerned have been added. (Examples include holding an industry-academia-government international conference on Carbon Recycling, signing a memorandum of cooperation with the United States, Australia, and the UAE, and signing a Japan-U.S. climate partnership.)

    Reference : Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
  • Policies

    U.S. Artificial Intelligence Regulation Principles Implementation Approaches

    In the President’s Executive Order of “American Artificial Intelligence Initiative” in Feb. 2019, there are five key areas of emphasis. One is Setting AI Governance Standards, which states that federal agencies will foster public trust in AI systems by establishing guidance for AI development and use across different types of technology and industrial sectors. Later in November 2020, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) announced the Guidance for Regulation of Artificial Intelligence Applications, proposing ten guidelines that U.S. agencies should consider when formulating regulations on AI applications, while also taking into account AI innovation.  
  • Policies

    AI regulation: now & future

    Since the development of AI technology has surpassed the pace of existing laws and regulations, many states and governments and advocacy organizations have proposed new AI regulatory frameworks to comply with ethical and social values during AI development and application. The consulting firm KPMG released a report on "The shape of AI governance to come" in January 2021. The report proposed five trends of AI regulation, including (1) Shaping a regulatory future around R&D, (2) Create steering groups to discuss and ideate on governanceconstructs, public policy and ethics, (3) Create a forum for discussion and collaboration, (4) Build the AI ecosystem including skills development, technology capabilities, partnerships, and cross-functional collaboration, and (5) Countries and governments are not onlyestablishing AI frameworks, but also creating policies, laws and acts.
  • Policies

    Singapore uses public-private collaboration to develop AI solutions to improve the efficiencyquality of municipal services

    The Singapore government has long been committed to the refinement of public services, aiming to improve the efficiency of government services and the well-being of citizens. According to the "National AI Strategy" announced in 2019, one of the "National AI Projects" is "Seamless and Efficient Municipal Services", which aims to improve the quality of municipal services through the introduction of advanced technologies.

    In fact, Singapore has many examples of public-private collaboration to develop or apply AI solutions, such as the use of AI sensing systems to detect tap water leaks to prevent limited resources from being wasted due to old pipelines. Another case is that the food safety laboratory established by the Singapore Food Agency(SFA) introduces technologies such as image analysis to accurately master various data and links in the production process to improve food safety. The goal is to operate in 2021.

    In addition, the pneumonia epidemic is still raging around the world. The Singapore government has also developed cases such as case visual tracking system and large-scale temperature screening technology. These cases are mostly led by the Government Technology Agency (GovTech) or the Home Team Science and Technology Agency (HTX) and cooperate with other agencies Or private teams.
    Reference:https://www.smartnation.gov.sg/docs/default-source/default-document-library/national-ai-strategy-summary.pdf?sfvrsn=55179e0f_4
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